Best Practices In Implementing Container Image Promotion Pipelines

A presentation at DeveloperWeek Global in June 2020 in by Baruch Sadogursky

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Best Practices In Implementing Container Image Promotion Pipelines

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Software I like Software I know really well

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🎩 @jbaruch #DataDrivenDevOps #PureAccelerate http://jfrog.com/shownotes @ErinMeyerINSEAD’s “Culture Map”

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shownotes Øhttp://jfrog.com/shownotes Ø Slides Ø Video Ø Links Ø Comments, Ratings Ø Raffle @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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The Promotion Pyramid Prod Build/Deploy time Pre-Prod Staging Integr. tests Dev Integration tests Development builds Amount of builds Amount of binaries

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Pipeline: quality gates and visibility If quality requirments are hit CI SERVER 1 If quality requirments are hit 2 Integration If quality requirments are hit 3 System Testing 4 Staging Production * @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek

  • Quality gates - http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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$docker build @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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Let’s docker build in every env! @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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That’s why. FROM ubuntu Latest version RUN apt-get install -y software-properties-common python RUN apt-get install -y nodejs RUN mkdir /var/www Latest version ADD app.js /var/www/app.js Latest version Latest version CMD [“/usr/bin/node”, “/var/www/app.js”] @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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That’s why. FROM ubuntu:19.04 Better now? RUN apt-get install -y software-properties-common python RUN apt-get install -y nodejs RUN mkdir /var/www ADD app.js /var/www/app.js CMD [“/usr/bin/node”, “/var/www/app.js”] @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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That’s why. FROM ubuntu:4033353383af19ec179c01dda7f355a246c6adcafaf93c8f98 And now? RUN apt-get install -y software-properties-common python RUN apt-get install -y nodejs RUN mkdir /var/www ADD app.js /var/www/app.js CMD [“/usr/bin/node”, “/var/www/app.js”] @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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That’s why. FROM ubuntu:4033353383af19ec179c01dda7f355a246c6adcafaf93c8f98 RUN apt-get install -y software-properties-common python RUN apt-get install -y nodejs RUN mkdir /var/www What about those? ADD app.js /var/www/app.js CMD [“/usr/bin/node”, “/var/www/app.js”] @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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That’s why. FROM ubuntu:4033353383af19ec179c01dda7f355a246c6adcafaf93c8f98 RUN mvn clean install What about this? CMD ”java –jar Main.class” @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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That’s why. FROM ubuntu:4033353383af19ec179c01dda7f355a246c6adcafaf93c8f98 RUN download_random_sh*t_from_the_internet.sh And how about this? CMD [“/usr/bin/node”, “/var/www/app.js”] @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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That’s why you don’t trust Docker @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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What’s up with the gates?! - QA shouldn’t test dev images - non-tested images shouldn’t be staged - non-staged, non-tested or dev images shouldn’t end up in production!!! @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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Let’s build Rock-solid pipeline!

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How do I separate dev from prod?! @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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Option 1: metadata tags @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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Option 2: Docker Repositories

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Separate registries per environment If quality requirments are hit CI SERVER 1 If quality requirments are hit 2 Integration If quality requirments are hit 3 System Testing 4 Staging Production * @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek

  • Quality gates - http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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Trumped-up limitations @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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The Anatomy of Docker Tag @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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Wait a second, how can I have more than one registry per host now?! @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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How can we support this? https://host:8081/registry/docker-dev/busybox https://host:8081/registry/docker-qa/busybox https://host:8081/registry/docker-staging/busybox https://host:8081/registry/docker-prod/busybox @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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“ONE REGISTRY PER HOST OUGHT TO BE ENOUGH FOR ANYBODY.”

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Panic! @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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Virtual hosts/ports to the rescue docker tag host:port/busybox Registry host @jbaruch Tag name #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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Virtual hosts/ports to the rescue docker tag host:port/busybox Registry host Tag name https://host:port/v2/busybox @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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Virtual hosts/ports to the rescue docker tag host:port/busybox Registry host Tag name https://host:port/v2/busybox https://host:8081/registry/docker-dev/busybox Context name Registry name Tag name

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server { listen 5001; } server_name 192.168.99.100; if ($http_x_forwarded_proto = ”) { set $http_x_forwarded_proto $scheme; } rewrite ^/(v1|v2)/(.*) /artifactory/api/docker/docker-dev/$1/$2; … } @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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Let’s abuse things! @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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Let’s abuse things! @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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But then you realize… Wait a second, now I need to pull, retag and push for every step?! @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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@jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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dev cluster test cluster staging cluster prod cluster @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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Repository (docker): Top level directory in a registry Repository (the rest of the world): A registry @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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Win-win-win

  • Single point of access to multiple registries when needed - Completely isolated environments - Immediate and free promotions

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@jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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Win-win

  • Simplicity of latest - Always know what it really means - As long as you promoted immutable artifact @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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But what about the rest of the dependencies?

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@jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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Own your dependencies

  • Your base image - Your infra - Your application files @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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conclusions

  • Build only once - Separate environments - Promote what you’ve built - Own your dependencies @jbaruch #DeveloperWeek http://jfrog.com/shownotes

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Q&A and Links Ø@jbaruch Ø#DeveloperWeek Øhttp://jfrog.com/shownotes