A presentation at umBristol Talks - April 2018 in
April 2018 in
Bristol, UK by
Some things about coding and stuff. Tom Morris - @mozzy16
These are all opinions that have been formed over the years of being a developer. It is by no means a ‘you should be doing this guide’, and more like a ‘these are observations that tend to make things easier’ type of approach.
Typical solution - Umbraco website application, e.g. Project.Web.UI - Class library for code, e.g. Project.Web.Core - controllers, models, helpers - Tests folder, add tests relating to each project - Global folder, add editorconfig, gitignore, readme
Will cover most scenarios, you might want a data layer, microservices also a good approach.
Organisation - Create folders relating to type, e.g. SurfaceController => /Controllers/Surface/MySurfaceController.cs - Follow patterns and be consistent, help know where to look - Split up your page into components, tie in with Nested/Stacked Content - Split up other sections into partials, e.g. footer, header, meta. - Client folder for FE stuff, build into static folder
Editing experience - If something is likely to be edited, make it content editable - Use descriptive names for properties, prefix if you want, add notes below, or use uEditorNotes - Add appropriate icons, it does help and makes it look much better - Use folders for doc types, data types, organise into things like pages, components, settings
Models - Use strongly typed models, it’s easy with newer Umbraco, get intellisense, quick demo of ModelsBuilder - Can extend with your own properties if needed, less logic in views - Use compositions for properties that are likely to be used elsewhere, easy to extend and share with other doc types - You get interfaces when using compositions, which will help with your views.
Querying - If you are querying content, don’t do it again and again, create a variable, do upfront. - Be careful querying content, as your site grows it can slow things down if done inefficiently, e.g. descendants. try XPATH - Benchmark using MiniProfiler, included with Umbraco
Part 1 - Don’t handle posts in your view, hard to read and limited options, create a controller - App_Code is not a good place for lots of code, move to separate project - Do document, add (useful) comments in your code. it can definitely help break things up and save the day for others - Be descriptive with naming, say what things do. assign variables based on what they represent. - Enforce conventions with editorconfig, linting tools
Part 2 - If there is code that is stretching the page a little, sit back and think how to break up - If there is code you’re doing quite a few times, move to extension method / helper / service. - If you’ve got lots of query strings on your action methods, you can create a simple POCO - Useful to create objects relating to configuration, rather than calling AppSettings each time - Make use of form binding, i.e. don’t treat a bool as a string
Dependencies - If you need scheduled tasks, look at using Hangfire => persistant, proper times, not closely tied to Umbraco - Or make use Azure functions, live outside of your web application, doesn’t consume resources and cheap to run - Make use of external services, e.g. blob storage, logging. again, not closely tied to Umbraco - If you are using custom DB tables, PetaPoco is supported with Umbraco and you can make use of migrations (https://gist.github.com/sitereactor/5742799)
Build + deploy - Have a build process that automates tasks, e.g. don’t check in assets - Run tests, code checks as part of the build, e.g. SonarQube - Have a deployment process that allows rollback, can handle configuration and is easy to extend - Use hosted services, e.g. Octopus Deploy, Team City, AppVeyor, VSTS - Update Umbraco little and often, stops you from getting too far behind, hopefully makes it easier, get new updates. just probably don’t do it straight away.
Help yourself - Sit back from time to time and look at your problem - Talk to others about how things work, quite often solve it as you speak - Make use of PRs and tooling to support code reviews - Attend meetups, make use of community for support - Have fun! Do things that interest you.
View Some things about coding and stuff. on Notist.
A few observations that have been formed over the years of being a developer. Mostly related to Umbraco and C# projects.